Immunization Schedule For Infants, Pregnant Woman and Children

Immunization Schedule For Infants: An individual’s immune system is strengthened during vaccination, which is a procedure. By exposing the immune system to foreign molecules that may elicit a protective immune response, this is accomplished. When an individual contracts a common infection more than once, they may also develop an immunity to it.

The individual’s immune cells keep a record of the infection, so when the same infection tries to enter the body again, the immune system responds more quickly and effectively. This stops the infection from returning for a second time. Natural immunity or immunization refers to this. When a person is intentionally exposed to foreign particles, this is called artificial immunization. Many of the available vaccines against common and lethal infections are based on this.

Immunization Schedule For Infants

The idea behind vaccination is that every person’s immune system remembers when they first came into contact with a disease. Memory cells in the immune system keep the memory of foreign bodies. As a result, when these foreign bodies come back into contact with the person, the memory cells aid in the production of antibodies against them. This aids the individual in the fight against the infection and prevents its spread. Due to the presence of antibodies, the individual will not experience any serious symptoms if the infection does occur.

Many diseases, including polio, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox, and tetanus, can be avoided with vaccination. Polio has been eradicated in many nations as a result of large-scale vaccination campaigns carried out by various nations. Even in nations with weaker vaccination campaigns, it persists. The vaccination schedules for infants, children, and pregnant women will be discussed in the following article.

Immunization Schedule For Infants

Immunization Schedule For Infants Overview

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Immunization Schedule for Pregnant Women

In order to avoid contracting any disease that could have been avoided, pregnant women should receive booster vaccinations. If they get any of these illnesses while they’re pregnant, it could hurt the growing baby and even cause problems. The vaccination schedule for expecting mothers is provided below.

Vaccine Disease When to Administer
TT-1 Tetanus Early in Pregnancy
TT-2 Tetanus 4 Weeks after TT-1
TT-Booster Tetanus After 2 doses of TT have been received in the last 36 weeks during a pregnancy

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Immunization Schedule for Children

In order to maintain the immunity that was established by the initial doses, infants receive booster doses of the vaccines that have already been given after they reach the age of two. Children’s immunity will last longer as a result of this. The schedule for children’s immunizations is listed below.

Vaccine Disease When to Administer
DPT Booster-1 Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus 16th to 24th Months
MMR-2 Measles, Mumps and Rubella 16th to 24th Months
OPV Booster Polio 16th to 24th Months
JE-2 Japanese Encephalitis 16th to 24th Months
Vitamin A (2nd to 9th Dose) Measles and Supplementation 16th to 18th Months. Then one dose is given every six months till the age of five years.
DPT Booster-2 Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus 5th to 6th Years
TT Tetanus 10th Years and 16th Years

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Immunization Schedule for Infants

Due to their weak immune systems, infants should begin receiving their vaccine doses as soon as possible. They only have a small amount of immunity from breast milk. The vaccination schedule for infants is listed in the table below.

Vaccine Disease When to Administer
BCG Tuberculosis At birth
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B Within 24 Hours of Birth
OPV-0 Polio Within 15 Days of Birth
OPV- 1, 2, 3 Polio At 6, 10 and 14 Weeks respectively.
Pentavalent 1, 2, 3 Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Hepatitis B and Hib At 6, 10 and 14 Weeks respectively. Can be given till the age of 1 year.
Rotavirus Rotavirus At 6, 10 and 14 Weeks respectively. Can be given till the age of 1 year
IPV Polio At 6 and 14 Weeks
MMR Measles, Mumps and Rubella 9 to 12 Months
JE-1 Japanese Encephalitis 9 to 12 Months
Vitamin A Measles and Supplementation Along with MMR Vaccine

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Types of Immunization

There are two main types of immunization which are used in order to form dissimilar vaccines. These types are describe below.

  • Active Immunization- In this type, some parts of a microbe or a enfeeble microbe is inserted into the body of the person. These trigger the immune structure of the individual to develop antibiotic against the microbe. This also leads to the formation of memory cells which can produce more antibiotic when the person comes in contact with the microbe again.
  • Passive Immunization- In this type, pre-synthesized antibiotic are transferred to the body of the person in order to give immunity to the person. This type of immunity works rapidly however it does not final long as the antibodies get broken down naturally.

Immunization Schedule For Infants FAQ’S

Why do babies need 3 doses of vaccines?

Getting every recommended dose of each vaccine provides your child with the best protection possible. Depending on the vaccine, your child will need more than one dose to build high enough immunity to help prevent disease or to boost immunity that fades over time.

How long can I delay baby vaccination?

If for any reason you can't keep your baby's vaccination appointment, doctors say that a vaccine can be delayed by up to a month without putting a baby's health at risk. But you should only delay a vaccine after speaking to your pediatrician and not unless you really need to.

What is the 1st vaccine after birth?

Baby's first vaccine. Hepatitis B is the first vaccine most babies receive. It is given within 24 hours of birth. Your baby will get a second dose of hepatitis B vaccine when they are 1 month to 2 months old and the third dose when they are 6 months to 18 months old.

What is baby first vaccine after birth?

All babies should get the first shot of hepatitis B vaccine within 24 hours of birth. This shot reduces the risk of your baby getting the disease from you or family members who may not know they are infected with hepatitis B.

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