Low Blood Pressure Hypotension Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Low Blood Pressure Hypotension Symptoms: A blood pressure reading of less than 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) for the highest number (systolic) or 60 millimeters of mercury (diastolic) is generally considered to have low blood pressure.

What one person considers to be low blood pressure may be acceptable for another. It’s possible for low blood pressure to cause fainting or dizziness without any obvious symptoms. Low blood pressure can occasionally be fatal. Low blood pressure can be brought on by anything from dehydration to serious medical conditions. In order to treat low blood pressure if necessary, it is essential to determine the cause.

Low Blood Pressure Hypotension Symptoms

Blood pressure readings include two numbers Trusted Source. The top number shows the systolic pressure, which is the pressure when the heart is contracting, and the bottom number gives the diastolic pressure, which is the pressure between heartbeats. An adult with low blood pressure will have a reading of less than 90/60 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg)Trusted Source.

According to the American Heart Association (AHA)Trusted Source, doctors do not usually consider low blood pressure a problem unless it causes noticeable signs and symptoms. Very low blood pressure can be a sign of an allergic reaction or internal bleeding. It can be life threatening if oxygen and nutrients are unable to reach the brain, heart, and other vital organs. However, it is generally better to have persistently low blood pressure than high blood pressure, as it poses a lower risk of various health problems.

Low Blood Pressure Hypotension Symptoms

Low Blood Pressure Hypotension Symptoms Overview

Name of The Article Low Blood Pressure Hypotension Symptoms
 Year 2023
Category Health
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Every person has different blood pressure. For some people, a drop of as little as 20 mmHg can be problematic. Low blood pressure can take many forms and have many different causes. Shock, a severe infection, a heart attack, or a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) can all result in severe hypotension.

A sudden shift in body position is what causes orthostatic hypotension. When you move from lying down to standing, this usually happens. Most of the time, this kind of low blood pressure only lasts a few seconds or minutes. Postprandial orthostatic hypotension occurs when this type of low blood pressure occurs after eating. Seniors, people with high blood pressure, and people with Parkinson’s disease are the groups most frequently affected by this type.

Young adults and children are the most common victims of neutrally mediated hypotension (NMH). It can happen when someone stands for a long time. This kind of hypotension is usually outgrown in children. Low blood pressure can be caused by a number of drugs and substances, including.

  • Alcohol
  • Anti-anxiety medicines
  • Certain antidepressants
  • Diuretics
  • Heart medicines, including those used to treat high blood pressure & coronary heart disease
  • Medicines used for surgery
  • Painkillers

Other causes of low blood pressure incorporate.

  • Nerve damage from diabetes
  • Changes in heart rhythm (arrhythmias)
  • Not drinking enough fluids (dehydration)
  • Heart failure

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  • Treatment is rarely required for hypotension (low blood pressure) without or with only mild symptoms. The treatment for symptoms of low blood pressure depends on the cause. For instance, if a medication makes your blood pressure go down, your doctor might tell you to change, stop, or take less of it. Talk to your doctor before making any changes to your medication regimen. The goal is to raise blood pressure and alleviate symptoms if the cause of low blood pressure is unclear or no treatment is available. There are a number of ways to go about this, depending on your age, health and type of low blood pressure.
  • Use more salt- Salt (sodium), which has the potential to significantly raise blood pressure, is typically discouraged by experts. However, for those with low blood pressure, this may be beneficial. However, excessive sodium intake can result in heart failure, particularly in older people. Therefore, it is essential to consult a physician before increasing salt intake.
  • Drink more water. Fluids are important for treating hypotension because they increase the volume of the blood and prevent dehydration.
  • Wear compression stockings- These elastic stockings, also known as support stockings, are frequently utilized to alleviate varicose vein pain and swelling. They increase blood flow to the heart from the legs. Elastomeric abdominal binders are more tolerable to some people than compression stockings.
  • Medications. Orthostatic hypotension, or low blood pressure while standing, can be treated with a number of medications. Fludrocortisone, for instance, increases blood volume. Orthostatic hypotension is a common indication for its use. Midodrine may be prescribed to raise standing blood pressure levels in patients with long-term (chronic) orthostatic hypotension. Blood pressure rises as a result of this medication’s ability to limit blood vessel expansion.

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Low blood pressure (hypotension) symptoms may include:

  • Blurred or fading vision
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Fainting
  • Fatigue
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Nausea

When blood pressure drops suddenly or occurs with symptoms, it may indicate an underlying health condition for some people. A dangerous drop in blood pressure can occur suddenly. For instance, a drop of just 20 mm Hg, from 110 mm Hg systolic to 90 mm Hg systolic, can result in fainting and dizziness. Additionally, large drops, such as those brought on by severe infections, uncontrolled bleeding, or allergic reactions, can be fatal. A condition known as shock can result from extremely low blood pressure. Shock symptoms include:

  • Confusion, especially in older people
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Decrease in skin coloration (pallor)
  • Rapid, shallow breathing
  • Weak and rapid pulse

Also Check- World Health Organization

Low Blood Pressure Hypotension Symptoms FAQ’S

What is a dangerously low blood pressure?

Hypotension is abnormally low blood pressure lower than 90/60 mm Hg. If your blood pressure gets too low, it can cause dizziness, fainting or death. Low blood pressure is not a condition that is usually treated except if it occurs in the elderly or occurs suddenly.

What causes hypotension low blood pressure?

There are different types and causes of low blood pressure. Severe hypotension can be caused by sudden loss of blood (shock), severe infection, heart attack, or severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis). Orthostatic hypotension is caused by a sudden change in body position.

What causes hypotension low blood pressure?

There are different types and causes of low blood pressure. Severe hypotension can be caused by sudden loss of blood (shock), severe infection, heart attack, or severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis). Orthostatic hypotension is caused by a sudden change in body position.

What fruits are good for low blood pressure?

Include foods that are high in folates like asparagus, beans, and lentils in your diet. Fruits containing folate can help increase blood pressure. Fruits good for low blood pressure patients include lime, orange, and grapefruit. Also, make sure to have your dose of green leafy vegetables.

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