Pills vs Insulin for Diabetes Treatment Which is More Effective for your Diabetes

Pills vs Insulin for Diabetes Treatment: Lifestyle choices, including eating a healthy diet, exercising & staying at a healthy weight, are key to managing kind 2 diabetes. But you also might need to take medication to keep your blood sugar, also cry out glucose, at a healthy level. Sometimes one medication is enough. In more cases, taking several medications works Best.

The list of drug for type 2 diabetes is long and can be confusing. Take time to grasp about these medicines, how they’re taken, what they do and what side result they may cause. That can help you get prepared to talk to your health care provider about diabetes treatment option that are right for you.

Pills vs Insulin for Diabetes Treatment

If you have type 2 diabetes and exercise and a healthy diet have not been enough to lower your blood sugar, you may need to take medication. Pills and insulin are the two most common types of diabetes medication. Your blood sugar stays close to normal thanks to both. That’s important because high levels can cause nerve damage, vision issues, kidney issues, heart disease, and amputation. Which medication is best for you? Before you discuss it with your doctor, there are some things you should know.

Pills vs Insulin for Diabetes Treatment

Pills vs Insulin for Diabetes Treatment Overview

Name of The Article Pills vs Insulin for Diabetes Treatment
 Year 2023
Category Health
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Insulin for Diabetes

If pills aren’t enough to get your blood sugar under jurisdiction, your doctor may recommend insulin. You take insulin as a shot. You can’t take it like a pill since normal digestion would destroy it. There are several dissimilar types, and they all work in different ways. Your doctor may advocate you use more than one.

Long-acting insulin- reaches your bloodstream some hours after you inject it. It bottom your blood sugar over a 24-hour period. If you have type 2 diabetes, your doctor is the bulk likely to have you take long-drama insulin at night.

Intermediate-acting insulin- also begins to work some hours after you inject it, but it only works for about 12th to 18th hours.

Regular or “short-acting” insulin- reaches your bloodstream about half an hour after you administer it. It does its job for 3rd to 6th hours.

Rapid-acting insulin- starts to work almost immediately after you administer it. It only works for 2nd to 4th hours.

Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar is a side effect of all insulin types. For people with type 2 diabetes, doctors used to only prescribe insulin as a last resort. Now, because it lowers blood sugar, they frequently perform it earlier.

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Insulin used to treat diabetes

You need insulin to reside. If you have type 1 diabetes, you’ll need to take insulin every day. You’ll also require to take it if you have type 2nd diabetes and your body doesn’t produce sufficient on its own. Fast- or long-acting insulin is available. It’s likely you’ll need both types to manage your blood cellulose. You can take insulin in several ways.


You can take inoculation using a standard indicator and syringe by loading the insulin into the syringe. Then, you inject it just less than your skin, rotating the link each time.


Insulin pens are a bit more convenient than a regular needle. They are prefilled and less sore to use than a regular needle.

Jet injector

The insulin jet injector looks like a pen. It sends a spray of insulin into your skin using high pressure air in lieu of a needle.

Insulin infuser or port

An insulin infuser or port is a small tube that you insert just under your skin, held in place with adhesive or dressing, where it can remain for a few days. It’s a good alternative if you want to avoid needles. You inject insulin into the tube instead of directly into your skin.

Insulin pump

An insulin pump is a small, lightweight device that you wear on your belt or carry in your pocket. The insulin in the vial set foot in your body through a tiny needle just under your skin. You can program it to deliver an insulin gush or a steady dose throughout the day.

Pills are available to treat diabetes

Various pills can use diabetes, but they can’t help everyone. They only work if your pancreas still produces  some insulin, which means they can’t treat type 1 diabetes. Pills aren’t successful in people with type 2 diabetes when the pancreas come to an end making insulin. Some people with type 2 diabetes can benefit from taking drug and insulin. Some pills to treat diabetes incorporate the following.


Metformin is a biguanide. It lowers the amount of glucose produced by your liver and boosts insulin sensitivity. It may also improve cholesterol levels & might help you lose weight slightly. People typically take it twice per day with meals. You can take the extended-publish version once per day. Potential link effects include.

  • upset stomach
  • nausea
  • bloating
  • gas
  • diarrhea
  • temporary loss of appetite


Sulfonylureas are fast-acting medications that help the pancreas release insulin after meals. They include:

  • glimepiride (Amaryl)
  • glyburide
  • glipizide (Glucotrol)

People usually take these medicine once per day with a meal. Potential side effects include.

  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • headache
  • dizziness
  • irritability
  • low blood glucose
  • upset stomach
  • skin rash
  • weight gain

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Meglitinides include Randin (repaglinide) and Starlix (nateglinide). After eating, meglitinides quickly cause the pancreas to release insulin. Repaglinide must always be taken with food. Among the potential side effects are.

  • low blood glucose
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • headache
  • weight gain


Thiazolidinediones are pioglitazone (Actos). You should take them at the same time each day, according to your doctor. Thiazolidinediones can make insulin more difficult for your body to use. Your high-density lipoprotein cholesterol may also rise as a result. Among the potential side effects are.

  • headache
  • muscle pain
  • sore throat
  • fluid retention
  • swelling
  • fractures

Dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 inhibitors

Dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 inhibitors help stabilize insulin levels and lower how much glucose your body makes. People take them once per day. They include.

  • linagliptin (Tradjenta)
  • saxagliptin (Onglyza)
  • sitagliptin (Januvia)
  • alogliptin (Nesina)

Potential side effects include:

  • sore throat
  • stuffy nose
  • headache
  • upper respiratory tract infection
  • upset stomach
  • diarrhea

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors

Dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 inhibitors help stabilize insulin levels and lower how much glucose your body makes. People take them once per day. They include.

  • upset stomach
  • gas
  • diarrhea
  • abdominal pain

Diabetes treatment: Lowering blood sugar

There are a variety of medications for type 2 diabetes. Blood sugar is reduced differently by each class of drugs. A drug may function as follows.

  • Causing the pancreas to make & publish more insulin.
  • Limiting the liver’s ability to construct and release sugar.
  • Blocking the action of enzymes in the gut that break down carbohydrates, slowing how quickly cells take in carbohydrates.
  • Improving cells’ sensitivity to Humulin.
  • Limiting the kidneys’ ability to take in sugar, which grow the amount of sugar that leaves the body in urine.
  • Slowing how quickly food proceed through the stomach.

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Pills vs Insulin for Diabetes FAQ’S

Is it better to take pills or insulin for diabetes?

Only people with type 2 diabetes can use pills to manage their diabetes, people with type 1 diabetes must use insulin. These pills work best when used with meal planning and exercise. This way you have three therapies working together to lower your blood glucose levels. Diabetes pills don't work for everyone.

Can I switch from insulin to pills?

According to the results of these studies, patients with early diagnosis of diabetes, the ones with better beta cell reserve, patients with low tendency for insulin-abuse could make U turn from insulin to pills or even drug-free life.

Is insulin safer than tablets?

It's usually not a case of either pills or insulin. Your doctor will make a recommendation based on the type of diabetes you have, how long you've had it, and how much insulin your body makes naturally. Pills may be easier to take than insulin, but each kind comes with potential side effects.

Which is better injection or tablet?

Compared with pills and tablets, a more efficient way of getting drug into the blood is to inject it directly into a vein. This way, all the drug gets circulated throughout the body and avoids degradation in the stomach.

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