World Polio Day 2024 : Significance, History & Celebration

World Polio Day:- Every year on October 24, people throughout the world commemorate World Polio Day to call attention to the need to completely eradicate this disease. The day also recognizes the persistent efforts of individuals making every attempt to ensure that every kid in the globe receives vaccinations. Born on October 28, four days before the event that would become World Polio Day, Jonas Salk was an American virologist and medical researcher who created one of the first effective polio vaccines.

World Polio Day serves as a reminder of the importance of continued vaccination efforts and highlights the need for funding and support to ensure that every child has access to life-saving vaccines. It is a day to celebrate the achievements in polio eradication while also acknowledging the work that still needs to be done to make polio a thing of the past.

World Polio Day 2024

A virus that targets the nerve system is what causes polio, a severe and extremely contagious illness. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), this disease is so dangerous that 1 in 200 afflicted patients run the risk of developing irreversible paralysis. As a result, the worldwide importance of polio eradication was recognized. Because of this, World Polio Day is a significant occasion that is marked to promote polio vaccination and polio eradication.

World Polio Day is an important annual observance that aims to raise awareness about the devastating effects of polio and the ongoing efforts to eradicate this disease. Polio, a highly contagious viral infection, primarily affects young children and can lead to paralysis or even death. However, thanks to global vaccination campaigns led by organizations like Rotary International and the World Health Organization, significant progress has been made in reducing the number of polio cases worldwide.

World Polio Day

World Polio Day Overview

Event World Polio Day 2024
Date 2024
Day Tuesday
Declared by World Health Organization
Category Trending
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Purpose of celebration To draw global attention of people towards complete eradication of polio disease.

What is Polio?

Commonly referred to as “polio,” poliomyelitis is a serious illness brought on by the poliovirus that can leave victims paralyzed or disabled. It affects a person’s spinal cord, which limits the movement of various body parts. A smaller percentage of poliovirus-infected individuals may have certain significant symptoms that harm the brain and spinal cord. The majority of poliovirus-infected individuals do not exhibit any symptoms or may experience minor symptoms.

There is no known cure for polio; the only way to avoid contracting the disease is to avoid becoming infected. Before the age of five, children should receive the polio vaccine or drops. This can assist to avoid the disease and, in the long term, will be crucial for eradication of the disease.

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History of Polio & Its Vaccination

The extremely contagious illness polio targets the nerve system and can cause respiratory and spinal paralysis as well as, in some circumstances, death. The illness, which typically affects young children, is thought to have existed since the Stone Age.

British physician Michael Underwood first noted the ailment in 1789, and it wasn’t until German physician Jakob Heine that the sickness was first identified in 1840. At Boston Children’s Hospital, John Enders, Thomas Weller, and Frederick Robbins successfully grew the poliovirus in human tissue in 1949. US physician Jonas Salk produced the first effective poliovirus vaccine four years after the virus was grown in culture, marking a significant turning point in the history of polio therapy.

Every year on October 24, World Polio Day is observed to pay tribute to Jonas Salk for his medical discovery of the illness and to raise public awareness of it.

World Polio Day Significance

Because polio is a potentially fatal condition, its effects endure a lifetime. While there is currently no cure, treatment can be helpful. People who have this illness may never be able to walk again, and in severe situations, it may even make it impossible for them to move at all. However, the virus can be totally eradicated with stringent precautions and periodic vaccines.

To adopt and put into action such strict measures so that polio does not continue to impact children in our future generations, World Polio Day provides the ideal opportunity. The day offers a chance to highlight international efforts to achieve a polio-free world and thank individuals who have worked tirelessly to eradicate polio from every continent.

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World Polio Day 2024 Celebration

All throughout the world, different governmental entities, organizations, and countries will commemorate World Polio Day in 2024. A conference will be conducted and live webcast on the WHO website to review the efforts of the World Health Organisation and Rotary International to promote vaccination and eradicate the illness. The seminar will examine every element of polio and how it affects children and their mothers under the subject “A healthier future for mothers and children.”

Polio, vaccination, and maternal and child health professionals who will share their knowledge with the globe may attend the meeting. Anyone can participate in this online conference to find out more about polio, its treatment, and prevention. If you know of a charity that works to improve the lives of polio-affected children, consider volunteering for the day to find out more about this issue and assist those who need it.

Why Is World Polio Day Celebrated?

On this day, groups from all around the world, including Rotary International, the World Health Organisation, and others, honour those who have contributed to the battle to eradicate polio worldwide. Along with this happy note, it also aims to create awareness among the populace about the necessity of containing the virus and any possible outbreaks and to raise money to accomplish this goal.

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Some Important Facts About Polio

It is commonly known that polio is a dangerous illness. But these details ought to deepen your understanding of the condition and highlight the significance of World Polio Day.

  • Polio may also transmit from person to person by a cough or sneeze in addition to infectious faeces, contaminated water, and infected human waste.
  • Although anybody of any age can contract the illness, those with weakened immune systems, expectant mothers, and young children under the age of five are those most commonly affected.
  • There are two main subtypes of the illness: the first is an abortive poliomyelitis, a mild condition that doesn’t impact the central nervous system (CNS). The second form, which can be paralytic or non-paralytic and directly affects the CNS, is more serious. Approximately 95% of the time, the condition has no symptoms.
  • Another aspect of the illness is post-polio syndrome, which can cause polio survivors to relapse after years of recovery in some situations.
  • If the respiratory muscles are also paralysed in people with paralysis, 5 to 10% of patients pass away.
  • Since there is no known treatment for polio, vaccination is the only effective method of protection, and newborns must receive the same shots on schedule. A single infection can endanger children everywhere in the world.
  • The wild poliovirus type 3 has been declared eliminated throughout the world as of 2020, according to the Global Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication.


World Polio Day is observed on October 24th every year to raise awareness about the importance of eradicating polio. This global initiative aims to highlight the progress made in the fight against polio and rally support for continued efforts to eliminate this debilitating disease. Polio, caused by the poliovirus, can cause paralysis and even death. Thanks to widespread vaccination campaigns, the number of polio cases has significantly decreased over the years. However, there are still regions around the world where polio remains endemic. World Polio Day serves as a reminder that we must remain vigilant and committed to achieving a polio-free world.

World Polio Day FAQ’S

Why do we celebrate World Polio Day?

World Polio Day is observed every year on 24 October. The purpose of this day is to increase awareness about the significance of polio vaccination in safeguarding children from this destructive illness. It also serves as an opportunity to acknowledge and honor the efforts of parents, professionals, and volunteers who have played a crucial role in making the eradication of polio possible.

Which is World Polio Day?

Every year on 24th October, we observe World Polio Day. Polio is an extremely contagious illness that is caused by a virus known as the polio virus. Although it is not common, this virus has the ability to attack the areas of the brain responsible for breathing, potentially resulting in fatality. While there is no cure for polio, it can be prevented through vaccination.

WHO invented polio vaccine?

An inactivated (killed) polio vaccine (IPV) developed by Dr. Jonas Salk and first used in 1955, and. A live attenuated (weakened) oral polio vaccine (OPV) developed by Dr. Albert Sabin and first used in 1961.

When was polio launched?

In 1995, India introduced the Pulse Polio immunization program as part of the Universal Immunization Program, which aimed to achieve 100% coverage. This initiative followed the Global Polio Eradication Initiative by the World Health Organization in 1988. The most recent cases of wild polio in India were reported in West Bengal and Gujarat on 13 January 2011.

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