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Capital of Bihar, What is the Capital of Bihar?

Capital of Bihar- The state of Bihar, located in eastern India, is proud of its varied cultural fabric and rich history. Patna, the capital of Bihar, is a representation of its variety and legacy. Known as Pataliputra in the past, Patna is among the world’s oldest cities to have been inhabited continuously. We shall explore the cultural diversity, historical relevance, and contemporary advancements of Patna, the capital of Bihar, in this post.

The capital of Bihar is Patna. Situated on the Ganges River’s southern bank lies the city of Patna. You may learn more about Patna, the capital city of Bihar, from this page. Additionally, some significant Bihar facts will be shared.” Northeastern India is home to the state of Bihar. Bihar is the third-largest state in terms of population in India, while having the 13th-largest land area. Bihar’s population is largely youthful and concentrated in its rural regions. Bihar is renowned for emphasising education and religious knowledge both historically and nowadays.

Capital of Bihar

Pataliputra became the capital of Chandragupta Maurya’s kingdom. He established the Mauryan dynasty. The individual who was born to Chandragupta Maurya was Bindusara, and Ashoka was his grandson. The most well-known Mauryan emperor was Ashoka. One of India’s oldest towns, Patna is situated along the banks of the holy Ganga river. Patna, the capital of Bihar, is well-known for its ancient buildings and illustrious past. In the fifth century BC, Pataliputra marked the start of Patna’s historic journey. It functioned as the seat of Emperor Ashoka and the capital city of the Magadh empire in the third century BC.

By constructing green infrastructure, like as parks, lakes, and bike paths, Patna has achieved notable advancements in sustainable development. By prioritising sustainable development, other cities may take a cue from Patna and establish more livable and healthy urban environments. Patna has improved connectivity and added additional bus routes to its network of public transit. Cities may take a cue from Patna’s experience and make infrastructure improvements for public transport a top priority in order to boost mobility and lessen traffic.

Capital of Bihar

Capital of Bihar Details

Article Name Capital of Bihar
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About Patna

Located south of the Ganges River is Patna, once known as the City of Pataliputra. This historic city has witnessed the rise and fall of several dynasties and has long been a hub for politics, business, religion, and culture. Bihar’s state capital has remained Patna ever since the country’s independence. The Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain pilgrimage sites of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodh Gaya, and Pawapuri are located outside of Patna and are accessible for day trips. The tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, was born in Patna, which is highly revered by the Sikhs.

Road travel to Patna is possible via National Highway 30, the city is on the Eastern Railway’s main line, and it has an international airport with a few flights to South-East Asia.

Historical Significance of Patna

  • Ancient Pataliputra: The history of Patna extends over two millennia into the past. During the Mauryan Empire, it was a well-known metropolis that served as the capital for emperors such Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka the Great. In the past, Pataliputra was a vibrant hub for trade, government, and culture.
  • Birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh: For Sikhs, Patna is particularly significant since it is the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh guru.
  • Scholarly Legacy: Pataliputra was a centre of study and culture since it was home to eminent astronomers and academics including Chanakya, Aryabhata, and Vatsyayana.

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Modern Developments in Patna

  • Educational Hub: Patna has become one of Eastern India’s leading centres for education. Students from all across the nation have been drawn to Patna University, the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), and the National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT).
  • Infrastructure and Connectivity: The city’s infrastructure has advanced significantly in recent years, with new bridges, improved road systems, and an expanding airport among them.
  • Economic Growth: The economy of Patna is expanding steadily because to rising industrialization and the IT industry. It is becoming a sought-after location for company ventures, providing chances across several industries.

Fascinating Facts about Bihar

  1. Pilgrimage Centers: Bihar is home to several Buddhist, Hindu, and Jains pilgrimage sites that attract international religious visitors.
  2. Bordering States: Bihar shares its borders with Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Nepal.
  3. Size and Population: Bihar is the 12th largest state in India by area and the third largest by population.
  4. Ethnolinguistic Diversity: Numerous ethnolinguistic tribes call the state home, the most well-known of which are the Bhojpuris, Maithilis, and Magahis.
  5. Formation of Jharkhand: On November 15, 2000, Jharkhand was created as a distinct state by being divided from southern Bihar.
  6. Rural Population: Bihar has one of the lowest percentages of urban population in India—roughly 11% of the state’s total population lives in cities.

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Ancient Nalanda University – Bihar

Bihar was home to the illustrious historic Nalanda University.

  • The excavation site of Nalanda University was initially discovered and reported by Sir Francis Buchanan.
  • The Nalanda University excavation site was situated 88 kilometres from Patna, the capital city of Bihar.
  • On July 15, 2016, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) named Nalanda University a World Heritage Site.
  • In the fifth century CE, Kumaragupta I of the Gupta Dynasty established Nalanda University.
  • Knowledge in the following areas was taught at Nalanda University: science, medicine, logic, grammar, philosophy, modern literature, Buddhism, etc.
  • For a continuous eight hundred years, the Indian and foreign monarchs supported Nalanda University.

Tourism – Bihar 

  • Among the biggest planetariums in Asia is the one in Patna.
  • The most visited place in the world by tourists from outside is Bodh Gaya, the location where the Buddha attained enlightenment under a revered Bodhi tree.
  • Bodh Gaya is the most significant and revered location for Buddhists.

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Bihar – Economy

  • The eighth-largest fruit grower is Bihar.
  • The fourth-largest producer of veggies is Bihar.
  • In Bihar, the agriculture industry employs almost 80% of the labour force.
  • Bihar’s three main industrial cities are Hajipur, Dalmianagar, and Barauni.


The capital of Bihar is Patna. Situated on the southern bank of the Ganges River, Patna is a vibrant city with a rich historical and cultural heritage. It has been an important center of trade, governance, and education for centuries. The city is home to many important landmarks and attractions, including the iconic Golghar, Patna Museum, and Mahatma Gandhi Setu. With its bustling markets, delicious street food, and warm hospitality, Patna offers visitors a unique blend of tradition and modernity. Whether you are interested in exploring ancient ruins, immersing yourself in local culture, or simply enjoying the scenic beauty of the region, Patna has something to offer everyone.

Capital of Bihar FAQ’S

What is the capital of Bihar?

The capital of Bihar, Patna is an embodiment of this heritage and diversity which was earlier known as Pataliputra.

Which Guru was born in Patna?

Patna holds special importance for Sikhs as the tenth Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh, was born here.

Who made Pataliputra a capital?

Pataliputra became the capital of Chandragupta Maurya's kingdom. He established the Mauryan dynasty. The individual who was born to Chandragupta Maurya was Bindusara, and Ashoka was his grandson. The most well-known Mauryan emperor was Ashoka.

What is the capital of Jharkhand?

Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand. The centre of the Jharkhand Movement was Ranchi. Under the smart cities mission of the Government of India, Ranchi was chosen as one of the cities to be developed as a smart city.

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